Malaria is an infection related disease found in tropical regions of Asia, America and Africa. Once the parasites enter the body, they start breeding inside the body. When their count reaches some threshold amount, the body’s immune system submits to the parasites. This results in fever and headache. There are many types of parasites that can affect the body but Plasmodium falciparum is the worst of those. The disease spreads by mosquitos’ and especially female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito is usually found in areas where water gets deposited and is not removed for days. Besides mosquito, other sources for the spread of malaria include blood transfusions and transplants. Malaria is usually diagnosed by blood tests.
Even though fever is a symptom of malaria but every fever is not a symptom of malaria. Malaria is usually treated by the use of quinine and artesunate. In worst cases, hospitalization may be required. Prevention of malaria includes preventing any water from depositing. The water may get deposited in tyres and coolers. You can also use mosquito repellent, sprays and bed nets. It should be noted that you should not try to use any medicine on your own in case of fever. You should always consult the doctor in case of fever. The doctor on inspecting the patient will advise some blood or urinal tests which can confirm the presence of malaria.
These tests can be from any trusted laboratory. You can expect to get the reports in four to five hours. The report will clearly state whether the patient is suffering for malaria or not. Once confirmed, you should immediately start the medicine course for malaria as advised by your doctor. You need to see your doctor after every four days to get the feedback of treatment. Thus one should take proper preventive measures in order to avoid getting into the long treatment of malaria.