The muscles in the body are classified as smooth, skeletal and cardiac and each has a different function. There are 650 muscles in the body and the human muscular system performs a lot of functions and is made of nerves, tendons, blood vessels and tissues. The role of the muscular system is to help in maintaining a good posture of the body, allows movement, helps in pumping blood to the organs, assists in daily functions like sitting, eating, standing, talking, etc. A few diseases are stated below that affect the muscular system.
Muscular dystrophy: The genes are responsible for this disease and it damages the fibers in muscles. A person suffering from this faces weakness, lack of coordination and mobility.
Dermatomyositis: This is an inflammatory disorder of the muscles and the disease is triggered by bacterial, parasites and viral infections. The signs are rashes on face, elbows, chest, etc. in purple color. In this condition the muscle pain arises along with tenderness, weight loss and fatigue and the condition becomes worse with time.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: This muscle disease is also known as “Lou Gehrig’s disease,” which is a neurodegenerative disease that is progressive and it hampers the nerve cells of the brain. The voluntary movement of muscles becomes problematic in this condition and one cannot speak, swallow or breathe that ultimately results in paralysis and causes death.
Fibromyalgia: This is a chronic disorder in muscles where one experiences pain in the muscles, fatigue, tenderness as well as stiffness. This disease is not easy to diagnose because the symptoms reflect other diseases as well.
Cerebral palsy: This is a muscle disease which hampers the balance, posture and motor functions. This is a common congenital disorder which damages the brain of child during or before the child is born causing problems in brain that makes it complicated to perform everyday activities.
Compartment Syndrome: When the pressure in the muscles becomes highly elevated, this muscle disease is caused. The syndrome is classified as chronic and acute where chronic syndrome is caused due to exercising which is not an emergency and in acute compartment syndrome one experiences tightness, muscle pain, tingling and numbness.
Myotonia: After contraction and relaxation the muscles relax in a slow manner in this condition. In this disease a person experiences trouble while walking, siting, sleeping and even getting up.
Myasthenia gravis: This is a chronic autoimmune disease which causes weakness in muscles and fatigue. Brain fail to control these muscles because of the breakdown in neuromuscular junction where breathing as well swallowing becomes a problematic task.
Myofascial pain syndrome: This is a chronic muscle pain disorder where the sensitive points of the muscles are affected and one experiences aches, joint stiffness and burning sensation. Toxin injections, massage therapy and physical therapy is needed to treat this disease.
Rhabdomyolysis: This is a condition in which there is rapid skeletal muscle destruction. In this condition the muscle fibers break into myoglobin which are carried away in urine and this leads to kidney failure.