A pharmaceutical drug is a literal definition of medication. Medication can be further classified according to biological, therapeutic or chemical modifications. A detailed classification is based on ATS system. The World Health Organization has its principles laid down for medication governance. A general guideline regarding medication involves:
Antipyretics concerning fever, Analgesic related to pain reduction, Antimalerial drug, Antibiotics related to viral growth check. Antiseptics governing viral check due to cuts, bleeding, etc. Pharmacotherapy is a innovative branch of study which classifies medication as: Digestive system: Antacids, PPIs. Cardiovascular system: Betablockers, statin, Antihypersentive drugs, betastatin. Nutrition: Electrolytes, antiobesity drugs. Every specific system of our body is ruled by specific listed drugs. They target specific systems to mollify contradictions.
Depending on judicial involvements medication can be classified as OTC and PPMs with detailed guidelines to be laid down by a legal medical practitioner. Behind the counter medication doesn’t need a prescription but is advised to be kept distant from public to be issued by a pharmacy technician. The international Narcotics Control Board with lineage to the United Nation governs the prohibition of medications in certain respects. OTC medication is considered safe which doesn’t require a prescription.
Many countries follow strict guidelines wherein medication can be followed at registered pharmaceutical trading zones under the guidance of trained pharmacists. Incase of patented medication, rules are laid down linking traders with manufacturers to follow the principles of trade. Pharmacoenvironmentology is an extended version of pharmacovigilence which studies the after effects of medication and its reaction with immediate environment.
Ecopharmacology further studies the effects of medication changing the features of ecology. Governments globally are highly involved in drug designing and delivery. Oliver Wendell Homes said “All medications are not clean and can result in biosphere degradation”. A recent question hovering around is whether a child needs medication for ADHD? Ritalin proved beneficial in controlling the symptoms.